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Biography of Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964) was an Indian politician and the first Prime Minister of independent India. He was born in Allahabad, in what is now Uttar Pradesh, India, on November 14, 1889, to a wealthy family of Kashmiri Brahmins.
Nehru was educated in England, at Harrow School and later at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he studied law. He was called to the bar at the Inner Temple in London in 1912, but he returned to India to practice law in Allahabad.
Nehru became involved in the Indian nationalist movement early in his career, and he soon emerged as one of its most prominent leaders. He was a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi, and he served as the general secretary of the Indian National Congress from 1921 to 1928.
Nehru played a key role in the Indian independence movement, advocating for peaceful resistance against British rule. He was arrested multiple times and spent many years in prison for his political activities.
After India gained independence from Britain in 1947, Nehru became the country’s first Prime Minister. He held the office from 1947 until his death in 1964. During his time as Prime Minister, Nehru worked to build a modern, democratic, and secular India. He implemented land reforms, expanded educational opportunities, and promoted industrialization.
Nehru was also a strong advocate for peace and international cooperation. He was a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement, and he played a key role in the establishment of the United Nations.
Nehru was a prolific writer and a respected intellectual. He authored numerous books, including his autobiography, “The Discovery of India.” He was also a passionate advocate for socialism and secularism, and he worked to promote these ideals throughout India.
Jawaharlal Nehru died on May 27, 1964, in New Delhi, India, after suffering a heart attack. He remains one of the most important figures in Indian history, and his legacy continues to inspire people around the world.