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Biography of Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore was a Bengali polymath, poet, musician, and playwright who was born on May 7, 1861, in Calcutta, British India. He was the youngest son of Debendranath Tagore, a leader of the Brahmo Samaj, a reformist movement that sought to promote monotheism in Hinduism.
Tagore was educated at home and later attended University College London for a brief period. He began writing poetry at an early age and published his first collection of poems, “Bhanusimha Thakurer Padabali,” at the age of 16.
Tagore’s literary works, which include novels, short stories, plays, and essays, were largely influenced by the Bengali rural countryside and his experiences of the Bengal Renaissance. His works explored themes of spirituality, humanity, nature, and patriotism, among others.
Tagore’s most famous work is the poem “Gitanjali,” a collection of 157 poems, which was published in 1910. This work earned him the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913, making him the first Asian to receive this honor.
In addition to his literary work, Tagore was also a prolific composer and musician. He wrote over 2,000 songs, which are collectively known as Rabindra Sangeet. His music is still widely popular in India and Bangladesh.
Tagore was a vocal critic of British colonial rule in India and was involved in the Indian independence movement. He was also a proponent of universal humanism and advocated for education that emphasized creativity and freedom.
Tagore died on August 7, 1941, in Calcutta, India. He remains one of the most celebrated cultural figures in India and his works continue to inspire and influence people around the world.