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Biography of Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose
Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose was a renowned Indian scientist and inventor, born on November 30, 1858, in Mymensingh (now in Bangladesh). He is widely known for his contributions in the fields of botany, physics, and radio waves.
Bose completed his education at the University of London and then returned to India, where he joined the Presidency College in Calcutta (now Kolkata) as a professor of physics. He began conducting research in the field of plant physiology, and his experiments led him to conclude that plants have feelings and respond to external stimuli much like animals.
In 1900, Bose invented the “Crescograph,” a device that could measure the growth of plants and the response of plants to external stimuli such as light, heat, and sound. He also conducted experiments on the effects of microwaves, which led to the development of the microwave optics and microwave communication systems that we use today.
Bose was the first person to use a semiconductor junction to detect radio waves, a discovery that was later used to develop the field of radio and television communication. He was also the first to discover the “nervous system” of plants, which is similar to that of animals.
In 1920, Bose founded the Bose Institute in Calcutta, where he continued to conduct research until his death on November 23, 1937. His contributions to science were recognized with numerous awards and honors, including being knighted in 1917 by the British government.
Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose was a pioneer in the field of science, and his research and inventions have greatly impacted our modern world. His work on plant physiology and radio waves continues to inspire scientists today.