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Biography of Vidyasagar
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar (1820-1891) was a renowned Bengali polymath and social reformer. He was born in Birsingha village of the Midnapore district of Bengal (now in West Bengal, India). His original name was Ishwar Chandra Bandyopadhyay.
Vidyasagar was a brilliant student and a gifted scholar. He completed his education at Sanskrit College in Calcutta, where he later became a teacher. He was instrumental in introducing a number of reforms in the curriculum of the college and in modernizing the teaching methods.
Vidyasagar’s contributions to Bengali literature were significant. He is known for his elegant prose and his contribution to the development of modern Bengali language. He wrote a number of books on a wide range of topics, including grammar, literature, history, and philosophy. His most famous works include “Barna Parichay,” “Bhranti Bilas,” and “Sakuntala.”
Vidyasagar was also a social reformer who worked tirelessly to promote women’s education and to abolish social evils such as child marriage and the caste system. He was a champion of women’s rights and was instrumental in setting up schools for girls in Bengal. He also played a key role in the passage of the Hindu Widows’ Remarriage Act in 1856, which allowed widows to remarry.
Vidyasagar’s contributions to Indian society and culture were immense, and he is widely regarded as one of the greatest Bengalis of all time. His legacy continues to inspire generations of Indians, and his ideas on education, social reform, and women’s rights remain relevant even today.