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Biography of Dr B R Ambedkar
Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, also known as Babasaheb Ambedkar, was born on April 14, 1891, in Mhow, Madhya Pradesh, India. He was the 14th and last child of his parents, and his family belonged to the Mahar caste, which was considered to be one of the lowest castes in the Indian social hierarchy.
Despite facing discrimination and hardship due to his caste, Ambedkar was an excellent student and received a scholarship to study at Elphinstone College in Bombay (now Mumbai). He went on to earn multiple degrees, including a law degree from Columbia University in New York and a doctorate in economics from the University of London.
Ambedkar became a prominent leader in the Indian independence movement and was a strong advocate for the rights of Dalits (formerly known as “untouchables”), who faced severe discrimination and oppression in Indian society. He fought for their social, economic, and political rights, and was instrumental in the inclusion of affirmative action policies in the Indian Constitution.
Ambedkar was also a prolific writer and scholar, and his work on Indian history, economics, and politics has been widely acclaimed. He wrote extensively on the caste system, and his book “Annihilation of Caste” is considered a seminal work on the subject.
After India gained independence in 1947, Ambedkar was appointed as the country’s first Law Minister and played a key role in drafting the Indian Constitution. He also founded the Buddhist movement in India and converted to Buddhism in 1956, along with thousands of his followers.
Dr. B R Ambedkar passed away on December 6, 1956, at the age of 65, but his legacy continues to inspire social justice movements in India and around the world. He is widely regarded as one of India’s greatest social reformers and is often referred to as the “Father of the Indian Constitution.”